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Latinos in Minnesota

Latinos make up 5.5% of Minnesotans.

Total Latino population in MN: 309,283

21% of Latinos are living below the poverty level, compared to 10% of all Minnesotans. Even greater disparities exist in the Twin Cities with 23% of Latinos living below the poverty level compared to 6% of White (non-Latino) individuals and 11% of all Minnesotans.

Source

latinos-minnesota

TRENDS AMONG LATINOS IN MN:

Minnesota's Latino population is one of the fastest-growing

  • The Latino population of the United States is 54 million, making Latinos the largest ethnic or racial minority in the US.
  • In Minnesota, the Latino population has climbed from 54,000 in 1990 to 271,000 in 2013. Today, one in twenty Minnesota residents identify as Latino.

Minnesota's Hispanic Population

hispanic-population

Native-born Hispanics

Adults

adults

Children

children

As a group, Latinos are much younger than Minnesota’s overall population

  • The number of Latino children in Minnesota has quintupled since 1990, and Latino children now comprise 8 percent of Minnesota’s under 18 population.
  • The median age of Latino residents is 24, compared to 38 for Minnesota overall. Sixty-two percent of Minnesota’s Latino residents are native born and 91 percent of Hispanic children under age 18 are native born. About half of native-born Hispanic children have parents who are immigrants.

High school graduation rates are on the rise, but still low

  • On-time graduation rates in Minnesota: 58 percent (overall state average of 80 percent)
  • 16% of Minnesota’s Latino population age 25 and older has a bachelor’s degree, compared to 33% of Minnesota’s overall population.

Minnesota high school students graduating on time

highschool

Proportion of Minnesota adults working

adults-working

A high proportion of Latino adults are working, but earn below average

  • 71% of Hispanic adults in Minnesota are working, the 6th highest percentage in the nation, but still 5 percentage points below the share of all adults in Minnesota who are working (76%). Through our Employment and Workforce Development Services, CLUES is working to address this disparity.
  • On average, Latinos fare far worse when they get their paychecks; the median income of a Latino-headed household is $18,000 less than the overall state median household income. About 1 in 4 Latino residents live in poverty, more than double the poverty rate for all Minnesotans.

Source: Hartzler, N. (October 2014). Minnesota's Hispanic population: 5 interesting trends. MN Compass. Link

The Latino population is projected to rise rapidly, growing from an estimated 196,300 in 2005 to 551,600 in 2035.

  • About two-thirds of the total Latino population are projected to live in the seven-county Twin Cities Metro area by 2035.

Source: McMurry, M. Minnesota Population Projections by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2005 to 2035. Admin Minnesota. https://mn.gov/admin/assets/mn-population-projections-by-race-hispanic-origin-2005to2035-msdc-jan2009_tcm36-219384.pdf

Further Reading:

Frey, W. H. (2019). America is not full. Its future rests with young immigrants. The Avenue. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/the-avenue/2019/04/10/america-is-not-full-its-future-rests-with-young-immigrants/

Minnesota’s Cultural Communities. MN Compass.
https://www.mncompass.org/demographics/cultural-communities/overview

Saenz, R. (2004). Latinos and the Changing Face of America. Prb.org. https://www.prb.org/latinosandthechangingfaceofamerica/

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